IPv6 unique local address

Unique local IPv6 addresses have the same function as private addresses in IPv4 – to allow communication throughout a site while being routable to multiple local networks. They are not registered with any numbering authority and cannot be routed to the Internet. Unique local IPv6 addresses begin with FD00::/8.

A unique local IPv6 address is constructed by appending a randomly generated 40-bit hexadecimal string to the FD00::/8 prefix. The subnet field and interface ID are created in the same way as with global unicast IPv6 addresses.

Here is a graphical representation of an unique local IPv6 address:

ipv6 unique local address

 

The original IPv6 RFCs defined a private address class called site local. This class has been deprecated and replaced with unique local addresses.

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